Benefits of Breastfeeding

Benefits of Breastfeeding

In (delayed) celebration of World Breastfeeding Week, which ran from the 1st-7th August, I thought I would post something on the amazing food and “medicine” that is breastmilk.  Liquid gold, created by nature and perfect for your growing baby, it provides immune boosting antibodies and enzymes that are not present in formula.There are many benefits for both mom and baby, making it an all-round win. Read on to learn more!

Benefits of breastfeeding for babies

  • Because the proteins in breast milk are easily digested, your baby will have fewer occurrences of stomach upset, diarrhea and constipation compared to formula fed babies.
  • Breast milk is a contributing factor towards reducing the risk of viruses, allergies, ear infections and respiratory infections.
  • As you breastfeed you pass immune factors and white blood cells to your baby which protect against diseases such as spinal meningitis, diabetes and Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
  • Skin to skin contact and the associated increase in the hormone, oxytocin, helps create a unique and reassuring bond between mother and child.

*Breastfed babies can and do get sick, however the illness is generally less severe than in a baby who is fed artificial milk.

Benefits of breastfeeding for Mom

  • Studies show that breastfeeding reduces the risk for breast and ovarian cancer.
  • Milk production burns roughly 300 to 500 calories per day, so nursing mothers lose their pregnancy weight slowly, in a healthy way and without fad diets.
  • While you are nursing you might feel cramps. This is your uterus shrinking to its original size, and is triggered by breastfeeding. A breastfeeding mother’s uterus will return to its normal size after 6 weeks while a non-nursing mother can usually only expect this result at roughly 10 weeks.
  • Exclusive breastfeeding will delay ovulation which will delay menstruation. Despite exclusively nursing your baby, most women find their periods returning 6 to 8 months after birth (this does vary).

Extended benefits of breastfeeding

The benefits of breastfeeding extend well into the first few years of your baby’s life but even if you are only able to breastfeed for a short time, it’s worth it and better than no breastmilk whatsoever.
Breastfeeding for the first 3 months gives your baby’s digestive system time to mature before introducing formula. Newborn infants need frequent feedings to encourage growth and breastmilk is easily digested. The proteins in formula are harder to break down in comparison.
Breastfeeding while starting solids also decreases the risk of your baby developing allergies. As an added convenience you can mix breastmilk into your baby’s cereal and food, giving baby a familiar taste.

How important is breastfeeding for premature babies?

Premature babies have a special need for breast milk. The valuable nutrients and immune-building properties of breastmilk can make a huge difference to the health and development of your premature baby.

The beauty of breast milk is that the milk of a preterm baby is higher in protein than the milk of a full-term baby. Breast milk is the preferred option for premature babies as it contains lipase, which is an enzyme that allows babies to digest fat more efficiently. It also protects against necrotizing enterocolitis – a disease that is often fatal for premature babies.

Please note: In the event that a mother is unable to provide her premature infant with breast milk, donor milk must be pasteurized to kill the infection fighting live cells. There are registered milk banks for this purpose.

 

Breastmilk vs Formula

Both provide energy, hydration and nutrients but breast milk definitely comes out on top.

Breastmilk Formula
Antibodies to protect against illnesses Lactose (a natural sugar found in milk) and/or other sugars such as corn syrup, fructose or maltodextrin
Hormones that promote bonding and regulate appetite  Plant-based oils, such as palm, rapeseed, coconut,         sunflower and soybean oil
Stem cells that may support organ development and repair   Fatty acids, usually derived from fish oil
White blood cells that fight infection   Vitamins and minerals from plant and animal sources
Beneficial bacteria that protect your baby’s digestive system   A couple of enzymes and amino acids
Prebiotics called oligosaccharides that support a healthy gut (more than 200!)   Probiotics
Long-chain fatty acids to help develop your baby’s brain, nervous system and eyes
Enzymes to support his digestive and immune systems
Nucleotides and hormones that help develop healthy sleep-wake patterns
*Different types of baby formula, such as goat’s milk, hypoallergenic and soya formulas, may have a different mix of ingredients.


Fed is best

While we at My Birth Boutique fully support and encourage breastfeeding, we also support the ‘Fed is Best’ movement. While breastfeeding is natural, it can be challenging, and there may also be medical reasons why a mom is unable to breastfeed. Each mother should do what she believes is best for her and her baby.

 

Find your mom tribe

Don’t have any friends who currently have babies or who breastfeed? There are online support groups (such as La Leche League), clinics and in-person meetings where you can find like-minded moms and lactation consultants who are dedicated to breastfeeding. You can also get in touch with local doulas and midwives who can point you in the right direction. Share your journey, from the highs to the lows, with others in the same boat as you and reach out when you hit a stumbling block. It can make all the difference!

Sources:

https://www.parents.com/baby/breastfeeding/basics/the-benefits-of-breastfeeding/

https://www.llli.org/resources/

https://www.medela.com/breastfeeding/mums-journey/breast-milk-vs-formula

Home Birth vs Hospital Birth (and doulas)

Home Birth vs Hospital Birth (and doulas)

I thought I would write about a topic that is close to my heart – giving birth at home.

To start, I would just like to make clear that I am not fanatical about home birth to the exclusion of all other methods of birthing (and yes, I consider home birth a method and not just a place to give birth. But more on this later). I believe that what is comfortable and right for one woman is often very different for the next. And that is ok. I am just sharing my thoughts and experiences as a mom of three and experienced doula.

* Required Field

I brought my  first baby into this world in a hospital and the experience was not all that bad. I do not feel traumatised by the experience and it does not appear to have had any detrimental effects on my now 18 year-old son. I simply birthed in hospital because I was young, it was my first pregnancy and that’s what you do, right? Go to hospital so the doctors can deliver your baby? At this time, I had no idea of my other choices but luckily for me, it turned out to be a relatively calm and happy experience (despite stirrups, ventouse and an episiotomy featuring in this story.) Being separated from my baby initially, missing his first bath and being unable to walk or sit due to the pain was the worst part. It all seemed par for the course at the time but I know so much more now about how I could have prevented all of that!

I did not actively choose to labour and birth at home the second time around, it was by default. I gave birth to all three of my children in England and at the time of my second pregnancy home birth was routine (it still is) for low risk pregnancies. I was not averse to the idea, so that is the path of care I followed. And it was ok. In fact it may even have been a bit more difficult. My labour was longer, I remember feeling more anxious than I did first time around and it was more uncomfortable. All of this despite being in the comfort of my own home with my family close by, and two midwives in attendance. This is an interesting point I think, as I believe most would assume that out of the two births, the home birth was probably better? Well, not really…. The comfort of being at home immediately afterwards was nice though…

My third home birth however was the tops. Early in my pregnancy, I was informed that due to a low-lying placenta (placenta praevia), there was a possibility that I would need to have a cesarean birth – I have never felt so disappointed in my whole life. I have no idea why the idea of a cesar was so terrible at the time just that it didn’t feel right for me. Turned out the placenta’s position was not a problem after all and I was able to look forward to preparing for my baby boy’s birth at home as previously expected. I think I valued the opportunity to have a second home birth even more than I would have before the cesarean ‘scare’.
Compared to my previous two births, my third was certainly a walk in the park.  Labour was quick. I dozed in and out of early and active labour in the comfort of my warm bed. It was dark, quiet and although all of my family was near if I needed them, nobody knew I was in labour. It was private, unpressured, yet safe.
When I realised that I needed to start getting a measure of the contractions, I reckon I was already in transition (7-10 cm dilated). I didn’t realise this at the time though, just that things were starting to feel really intense. I moved quietly downstairs, savouring this magical time on my own but once I reached the kitchen, my water broke and I felt really nauseous. It was about now that I realised I needed to call the midwife!
My mother was staying with us at the time in readiness to assist around baby’s birthday – I asked her to wake my husband and tell him to get the bed ready for the birth. I think this is the perfect place to share one of my favourite quotes! (see below)

I made my phone calls to alert the hospital / midwife while trying to resist the uncontrollable urge to push. I then lay myself down on the dining room floor in a desperate attempt to keep my baby from arriving before anyone else did. Gravity was working a little too well this time! I felt a split second of complete panic then, which I remember consciously and firmly dismissing. I told myself that there was no way the midwife was going to get to me before the baby was born and it was over to me to do this.  The natural expulsion reflex had kicked in good and proper and I good feel my baby’s head crowning. What followed was instinctive – I did nothing. I didn’t push. I didn’t pull. I just waited, with my hands in place, gently taking our little boy as he slipped out the way nature intended. He was quiet so I turned him over, rubbing his back and he gave us a small squawk – just enough for us to know he was okay. And then… I just held him… Here we stayed, checking each other out until the ‘rescue party’ arrived.
There was not much for them to do. They didn’t know what to say. So they checked my blood loss (remarkably little at about 20 ml), filled out their mandatory notes and made sure the placenta was intact. All perfect. Everyone was just kind of awestruck and speechless.
By this time, the two other kiddies were awake and so we migrated upstairs (I literally skipped I felt so incredible) to our bedroom where the whole family snuggled into bed as the morning sun streamed in through the window. This will remain the most amazing moment of my life. I remember the midwife standing in the doorway looking at us and saying “This is the beauty of home birth.”

Further thoughts on Hospital Birth and Home Birth:

Hospital birth can be good, yes – the security it offers some, alleviates any fear you may be holding onto (in terms of complications requiring medical attention) and this can aid the progression of labour (a woman needs to feel safe in order to surrender to the process of labour). If any complications arise, you are best placed for immediate assistance from a doctor. But there are also many drawbacks. Like being given medication you may not want, being uncomfortable and surrounded by lights, noise and strangers, or having procedures performed that you don’t understand the consequences of.  In my case, I was not encouraged to change position to assist the decent of my baby’s head down the birth canal, and I still imagine how different the birth may have been and if the episiotomy and ventouse-assisted delivery of by baby boy could have been avoided. I am fairly certain if I had a doula with me making alternative suggestions in terms of my positioning, the intervention would not have been necessary.

Home births can definitely be good but again, there were times during my second labour where I needed more support than what the midwife gave. She did too many internal examinations (I never knew I could refuse these) and she should have encouraged me to try different positions other than walking (which I simply could not do) I felt watched, and I couldn’t relax. A massage would have been wonderful! Doula?

Unassisted birth is THE BEST! (for me) It has educated and empowered me as a woman and completely connected me to the natural process of childbirth. I am not recommending you choose to birth unassisted as there are very real complications that can occur for any birthing mother but there are ways you can create an environment that is conducive to a natural, comfortable birth experience where you optimise your chances of birthing calmly, at your body and baby’s pace and with as little interference/intervention as possible.

The good news is that this is possible in hospital or at home. The bad news is that there are a minefield of factors to consider and it is not guaranteed, in either setting.
However the odds do weigh heavily in favour of home birth. I mentioned home birth as being a method of birthing at the beginning of this post and the reason for this is as follows.
Being at home allows a woman to birth in a way that is different to that afforded women birthing in a hospital environment. There are environmental factors in the home setting that are very difficult (if not impossible) to achieve in a hospital setting, and these factors facilitate the basic needs of a woman in labour. Cape Town midwife, Ruth Ehrhardt writes about just this in her book. View details by clicking on the True Midwifery image. lila & belle, doula, doula support, midwife, cot, baby blankets, baby bedding, baby photography
Physical comfort options, familiar smells and sounds, food and drink on tap, activities to distract such as watching TV, listening to music, cooking, a garden to take walks in, family to help and support, being close to your other children, quiet, darkness, privacy are to name just a few.
So it seems logical that opting for a home birth does automatically put you at an advantage in terms of optimising your chances of a ‘good’ birth, as nature intended. Whichever option you choose, the best you can do is plan thoroughly and choose your professional support team carefully. This can help maximise your chances of achieving the birth you are hoping for.

Home Birth and Hospital Birth Conclusion:

Whether hospital or home birth seems the best fit for you, remember to research all your options and become informed regarding what to expect when birthing in either environment. Remember too that your best advice and honest information will come from those who have experience in achieving the type of birth you are aiming for. So talk to other moms, join support groups and consider hiring a doula – she will support you in any choice you make and will help you through your birth regardless of the path it may take.

Finally, consider birthing at Origin Maternity Hospital in Panorama. I have supported a number of births there and they really seem to offer a birthing experience which draws on the benefits of both worlds.

The rest should be left to Mother Nature.

Yours in birth,

lila & belle, doula, doula support, midwife, cot, baby blankets, baby bedding, baby photography

If you found this post interesting or helpful please share it – let’s work together to get the word out on positive, empowered childbirth.